Today I have the opportunity to attend the ASEAN MENTAL HEALTH CAMPAIGN 2014 at PUTRAJAYA WETLAND officiated by the Minister of Health Malaysia.
More than 450 million people suffer from mental disorders. Mental, neurological and substance use disorders accounted for 13% of the total global burden of disease. The World Health Organization estimates that 1 in 4 people are affected by mental disorder at some point in their lives. Depression alone accounts for 4.3% of the global burden of disease and is among the largest single cause of disability worldwide (11% of all years lived with disability globally), particularly for women, perhaps because of men……
Mental and behavioural disorders have a large impact on individuals, families and communities. Mental disorders also increase the risk of non-communicable diseases. Individuals may suffer the distressing symptoms of disorders such as depression and anxiety disorders. They also suffer because they are unable to participate in work and leisure activities, often as a result of discrimination. Stigma attached to mental disorders and also to persons suffering from mental disorders still persists and remain a barrier to improve quality of life to those suffering from mental disorders. Meanwhile, the families of those suffering from mental and behavioural disorders are not only required to provide physical and emotional support but also to bear the negative impact of stigma and discrimination against them. The burden on these families range from economic difficulties to emotional reactions to the illness, the stress of coping with disturbed behaviour, the disruption of household routine and restriction of social activities.
In Malaysia, The National Health Morbidity Survey (NHMS) conducted by the Ministry of Health reported that prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among adults has increase from 10.6% in 1996 to 11.2% in 2006. The same study conducted in 2011 found prevalence of depression among adults was 1.8% which is approximately about 340,000 adult individuals in Malaysia. What is more alarming is the NHMS findings showed a marked increase in the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among children and adolescent aged 5-15 years has increased from 13.0% in 1996 to 19.3% in 2006 and 20.0% in 2011. NHMS 2011 also found the prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan and attempt among adults was 1.7%, 0.9% and 0.5% respectively.